We Are what He has Made Us

Ephesians 2:8-10

 For by grace you have been saved through faith, and this is not your own doing; it is the gift of God— not the result of works, so that no one may boast. 10 For we are what he has made us, created in Christ Jesus for good works, which God prepared beforehand to be our way of life.

“For we are what he has made us.”

Ephesians 2:8-9 is, with good reason, one of the central confessions of protestant evangelical Christianity – that our salvation in Christ Jesus is pure gift – pure grace – that we can’t earn it or work for it but receive it from our extraordinarily merciful and loving God. Not because of what we have done, but because of who God is and how God desires to envelop us fully into God’s communal love.

Verse 10 offers an interesting re-framing of works then. Too often we abstract verses 8 and 9 as a stand alone theological truth and in so doing jettison the place and purpose of “works” all together. We have indeed been created for good works. Verse 10 makes that clear. But how is it that we come about finding and doing this work? By discovering who he has made us to be. “For we are what he has made us.” At first pass, this statement seems to be tautological or circular at best. Of course we are what he has made us, who else could we be other than who we are. Until we remember that we were dead through the trespasses and sins in which we once lived, following the course of this world, following the ruler of the power of the air, the spirit that is now at work among those who are disobedient. Paul is saying that for too long we have been someone other than who God made us to be. We have followed a different course, pursued a different end, driven by a different desire, with a wholly different and distorted understanding of who we were.

To be made alive together with Christ is to discover – or rediscover – who God has made us to be. This is what it means to be saved. In discovering who this person is – what some theologians call this True Self – we at the same time discover what this person is created to do.

We are certainly not saved by our good works, but we are most certainly saved in order that we might get about the business of accomplishing our good works.

Tradition and Contemporary Innovation is a both/and

“Tradition” is the opening number from the Broadway musical Fiddler on the Roof. Through the song the main character Tevye describes the traditional roles of the papa, the mama, the son, the daughter and others in the village, melodically establishing the primary problem of the story – how a family in a small tight nit community navigates the tension between maintaining age-old religious and cultural practices while responding to invading new political and social forces. At the end of the song Tevye sums up his perspective with the title line “Without our traditions, our lives would be as shaky as a fiddler on the roof.”

Naturally, the encroaching ideologies bring along their own set of community practices, rituals, power dynamics and cultural expressions (music, clothing, language, etc.) Not surprisingly these new ideas and new practices are a threat to some in the community, and a compelling breath of fresh air to others. The community is as curious as they are suspicious of the “new” which comes from the outside.

As you can imagine – the tension is never resolved. The family is fractured and the community is ultimately displaced. Through the drama there is some good – new opportunities and experiences for the children of Tevye and there is a great deal of bad – Tevye and his friends losing their homes, livelihood, and the village that was the encompassing circle around their fixed communal identity.

The musical Fiddler on the Roof juxtaposes the old and the new, the traditional and the progressive in such a poetic, character driven way that the viewer is left unresolved as to which force is more desirable. The forces from the past which have shaped our language, perspective, beliefs and practices, or the forces of the future which draw us into new possibilities, but do so by presenting us with new language, beliefs and practices, which ultimately challenge and perhaps change what we knew to be right and true before.

This perennial tension between tradition and progress is felt on every social level – the micro and the macro – shaping interpersonal relationships between brother and sister, parent and child, and shaping whole neighborhoods, cities, countries and continents. What Fiddler leaves unresolved, too many in the church fix into a false dichotomy, choosing one side in favor over the other, and pitting the church against itself with categorical thinking in terms of “traditional” or “progressive, innovative, relevant, contextual, etc.” This division between old and new transcends the theological and political lines of right/left, conservative/liberal.

As true today as when they wrote it 25 years ago, Stanley Hauerwas and Will Willimon remind us in their book Resident Aliens that Christian ethics (i.e. the formative and defining principles and conduct of the Christian community) like any ethics, are “tradition dependent.” They go on to write, “tradition, as we use the term here, is a complex, lively argument about what happened in Jesus that has been carried on, across the generations, by a concrete body of people called the church. Fidelity to this tradition, this story, is the most invigorating challenge of the adventure begun in our baptism and the toughest job of Christian ethics” (Resident Aliens, 71-72). Insofar as we agree with their claim, Hauerwas and Willimon present tradition and contemporary innovation as a both/and – necessarily complimentary in the Church’s effort to remain faithful to the story of what God has done, is doing and is going to do, in and for the world through Jesus Christ.

In my work with collegiate and young adult ministries there is far too great an emphasis placed on the “new” – developing relevant, contextual ministries that culturally resonate with young adult communities. In a sincere effort to explore creative and responsive expressions of ministry among young adults, too many forget that the story they carry (read: steward) into those frontiers is and will always be “tradition dependent.”

This recognition of tradition dependence is why I appreciate the work of Fresh Expressions and their desire to assist congregations to discern missionaly a new frontier, from within the space of their inherited congregational story. Whatever the faults – and there are always faults in every inherited family story – honoring this tradition is the first step towards contemporizing this community as we adventure forward as a “concrete body of people called the church.”

 “Tradition” from Fiddler on the Roof

Keep On Rockin In the Free World

In 1980 music mogul David Geffen struck out on his own to form a new record label Geffen Records. Soon after Geffen signed folk-rock star Neil Young. Not long after signing with Geffen and releasing several albums, by the end of 1983 Geffen sued Neil. The reason – the albums Neil Young was releasing did not sound enough like Neil Young. Young’s albums with Geffen were experimental and uncharacteristic of his earlier work. They were commercially unsuccessful and the concepts Young was pitching for future releases were only venturing further from the genre that made him so famous.

Neil Young was an artist, stretching his art in new directions with new inspiration. David Geffen was a record executive who was investing heavily in an artist he thought would sell records – but wasn’t. Geffen sued Young arguing that his records were musically uncharacteristic of his previous recordings. Young counter-sued arguing that Geffen was breaching his contract.

Who do you work for? Who do you invest in?

Its easy to look at this lawsuit from the perspective of both parties. From Geffen’s perspective, he was “hiring” Neil Young to write Neil Young records people would buy – he wasn’t hiring Neil Young to explore new uncharted territory and reinvent himself as an artist. However, artists can’t keep writing the same songs with the same sounds and the same themes. Consumer and artist alike will get bored and go elsewhere.

Are you investing in new ideas and creative concepts to advance your craft or your organization? Or are you investing in what has worked in the past, expecting it to work again?

Every organization needs a little bit of Geffen and a little bit of Young. Experimentation is a means to an end, not the end itself. Experimenting without an appreciation for where you have been or a vision for where you would like to go can be expensive and destructive. But, experimentation is critical to innovation. It is risky, it is costly, there are more failures than successes, but the greatest cost comes from not changing at all.

The rest of the story – Young and Geffen parted ways. Geffen eventually apologized to Neil and admitted that the lawsuit was one of the worst professional decisions of his life. Neil eventually reinvented himself – and is still rockin’ [for] a free world.


Embracing Buoyancy

One time Bill Brown bought a boat,
Expecting one day it would float.
He was handed the key,
Then he set out to sea,
And that was all that she wrote.

We often speak of projects and organizations in stark terms – success or failure, it works or it doesn’t, it flies or it crashes, it floats or it sinks. However, the reality is that most organizations find themselves at neither end of these extremes, but somewhere in the middle – with varying degrees of buoyancy.

This idea of buoyancy can be helpful. It reminds us that no idea or organization is unsinkable – we never “arrive” and so we are compelled to continue to learn and grow in order to stay afloat. At the same time the alternative to floating doesn’t have to be the bottom of the ocean. The ideas, core values, vision and purpose of the organization can be carried forward even if certain peripheral elements are added, removed, or reshaped.

Buildings, staff positions, programs/events/campaigns, specific product lines, etc. are the pieces we utilize to make real to the world our idea, but they are not the idea itself. The idea belongs to the values, vision and purpose your organization defines itself by.

Be better, be buoyant, be blessed!